In June 2011, the Presidency of Argentina announced the initiation of the National System of Meteorological Radars (SINARAME, in Spanish) in the context of the government support to the national scientific and technological development. The National Goverment entrusted the National Undersecretary Office of Water Resources to coordinate and supervise this ambitious project. Wholly developed in Argentina, the project involved the collaboration of several national and provincial organizations. Thus, the development, manufacturing and implementation of the SINARAME, operated by the National Meteorological Service, has been entrusted to INVAP S.E. (Argentine state-owned applied research company) with the aim of establishing a national network of meteorological radars provided with a centralized real-time information system.
The first stage of the SINARAME project included the development and manufacturing of the prototype of the first state-of-the-art Argentine Meteorological Radar (RMA, in Spanish), the RMA0, and also the first operational radar of the series, the RMA1. Likewise, an Operation Center (COP, in Spanish) with the capacity to receive and process in real time data from the current and future national networks of meteorological radars was designed, installed and implemented. The first stage of the project was concluded in 2015 with the installation of the RMA1 at the National University of Córdoba.
The second stage of the project will consist in building, installing and implementing throughout the country ten meteorological radars made in Argentina, which together with the radars already installed, with 55 meteorological stations, and with the equipment for five regional processing centers will make up the national network.
The environmental variables must be constantly monitored so as to normally carry out daily tasks and be able to devise long-term plans.
This involves the identification, analysis, monitoring, forecasting and evaluation of hidrometeorological phenomena and their inherent physical processes, as well as the analysis of the risks entailed by some serious meteorological events.
The meteorological radar and its associated systems are the appropriate tools to achieve these objectives, improving the use of related data and optimizing costs. Its main applications include:
- Description of weather and its potential changes, production of weather forecasts in the medium and the short term (nowcasting).
- Prevision and monitoring of environmental eventualities (hail, torrential rain, severe storms, etc.)
- Navigation and aerial navigation safety
- Atmospheric physics research
- Supply of basic data for technology and scientific research
SINARAME's main users
- National Undersecretary Office of Water Resource (SSRH, in Spanish)
- National Meteorological Service (SMN, in Spanish)
- National Institute of Water (INA, in Spanish)
- National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA, in Spanish)
- Argentine Air Force
- Argentine Navy
- General and commercial aviation
- National Administration of Agriculture and Weather Eventualities (DACC, in Spanish), Province of Mendoza
+ INFO: SINARAME